The use of sources like these, however, did not pose the same threat to Shakespeare’s authority as the ghost of the earlier Hamlet play, since the Bard could easily be presented as spinning poetic gold from the dull straw of these bare prose accounts. This short story first appeared as a separate booklet printed for a limited audience. Zachary Lesser is professor of English at the University of Pennsylvania. Check back for regular updates! $39.95 The tragicall historie of Hamlet Prince of Denmarke by William Shake-speare. Software Sites Tucows Software Library Shareware CD-ROMs Software Capsules Compilation CD-ROM Images ZX Spectrum DOOM Level CD. Object number 90.33.2. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In the middle of the eighteenth century Richard Farmer found the earliest recorded mention of the play, Thomas Nashe’s satirical comment in 1589 that “English Seneca read by candlelight” helps unlearned dramatists patch together “whole Hamlets, I should say handfulls of tragical speaches.” Since no Hamlet playtext survives from the sixteenth century, and since Shakespeare had no known connection to the London theater in the 1580s, Nashe’s comment has engendered fierce debate over the dating of the play, its authorship, and Shakespeare’s biography ever since Farmer uncovered it. The opinion of most literary scholars and psychoanalysts is that Hamlet, as he tells us, is and Iohn Trundell, 1603Repository: The Huntington Library, San Marino, CACall number and opening: 69304, title pageView online bibliographic record. of the Huntington Library, San Marino, California. Similarly, as we shall see in Chapter 1, many scholars believed that Shakespeare began his career by revising the dramas of other playwrights. 240 HUNTINGTON LIBRARY QUARTERLY as a dramatist and not as a philosopher-psychologist, in which prosaic capacity he is firmly rooted in his own age. Bunbury’s “small quarto” contained twelve of Shakespeare’s plays, nearly all in their first editions, including Romeo and Juliet, The Merchant of Venice, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, and several of the histories. Credited to Shakespeare, it has significant differences from the text you read in school or have seen performed elsewhere. States deals with how spectators experience the play and how ambiguous Hamlet is. A small collection, for example, is in the Huntington Library in California. Top NASA Images Solar System Collection Ames Research Center. Partly for this reason, it was largely ignored before the discovery of Q1. This was a copy of the first quarto of Hamlet (Q1), published a year prior to the earliest text of the play then known and, at the same time, the unique example of the edition. In 1914, Henry E. Huntington acquired from the Duke of Devonshire a collection of English drama that included one of two surviving copies of the first edition of Hamlet He had recently inherited the manor and was taking an inventory of his new holdings, which fortuitously led him to this book that otherwise might have continued to rest on the shelf unknown and unread. 376 sHaKesPeare QUarterLy further reason why Q1 Hamlet has a good claim to being shakespeare’s first literary drama. Nor apparently did Sir Henry value the book highly enough: he exchanged it with the booksellers Payne and Foss “for books to the value of £180,” but they quickly sold it to Devonshire at a tidy profit. While we know that some kind of Hamlet play was being performed in London as early as 1589, we have very little idea of its content, despite frequent attempts to imagine it. Bunbury surmised that Q1 and the other plays in the volume had been purchased and bound together by his grandfather, Sir William Bunbury, “who was an ardent collector of old dramas.” If so, one wonders how such a collector could have missed the incredible rarity in the group. Whereas these editors had remained completely silent about the German play, a century later entire books were devoted to its relationship to Q1. (Facsimiles of those copies can be found in The Shakespeare Quartos Archive .) Two decades after Farmer’s archival finds, Edmond Malone discovered the diary of Philip Henslowe in the Dulwich College Library as he was preparing his monumental variorum edition of 1790. Despite the obvious value of these Shakespearean first editions, however, in an age when antiquarian book collecting was a relatively new gentlemanly pursuit and when numerous Shakespearean play- books were still in private hands, this “ill-bound” book would not have created such a stir had it not included one oddity. Credit Line The Huntington Library, Art Museum, and Botanical Gardens. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Shakespeare's Hamlet the Second Quarto, 1604 Huntington Library at the best online prices at eBay! Or maybe he had found it two years earlier in the library, or in a closet in the library; Sir Henry could never seem to recall. Make Offer - Shakespeare's Hamlet the Second Quarto, 1604 Huntington Library Repro. So long as there was no actual text that might be connected to an earlier version of the play, these doubts could be kept at bay, and eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century scholars largely agreed to forget about this pre-Shakespearean Hamlet after a routine mention of its existence. 232 HUNTINGTON LIBRARY QUARTERLY form an idea of what the play was like, mainly its Senecan quality, as in "Blood is a beggar." Polonius’s name had oddly become Corambis, his servant Reynaldo had turned into Montano, and scattered throughout the text were numerous other di›fferences large and small, at the broad level of plot and character and at the narrow level of single word choices. The diary contained another ghost of Hamlet: “9 of June 1594, R[eceive]d at hamlet… viiij s.” Is this the Hamlet to which Nashe and Lodge refer? Instead of asking, “To be, or not to be, that is the Question,” Hamlet pondered, “To be, or not to be, I there’s the point,” before going on to speak explicitly of God’s judgment that consigns us to an afterlife in heaven or hell. Visitors may link to or download these images for personal research or non-commercial publication. And how do these references relate to yet another Hamlet text that turned up in Germany in 1779? The NSU women’s basketball team made it to the Elite Eight in San Antonio, Texas. At the same time on the following day, Nov. 14, Lesser will be joined on the Rothenberg stage by the Independent Shakespeare Co. for “President’s Series: Hamlet’s Bad Quarto,” which will include dramatic readings that compare scenes from Q1 with scenes from the more familiar version of Hamlet. About its history prior to Payne and Foss’s 1825 reprint, we have only shadowy guesses. Discover More On the Nipisiquit. TEACHERS New: Virtual School Programs for Fall 2020, TEACHERS & STUDENTS NEW: Virtual School Programs for Fall 2020, SUPPORT THE HUNTINGTON Give the Gift of Membership, Posted on October 16, 2019 by By Zachary Lesser. Wilson, J. Dover. Terms of useThe Huntington Library has graciously contributed the above images from their collections. "To be, or not to be" is the opening phrase of a soliloquy uttered by Prince Hamlet in the so-called "nunnery scene" of William Shakespeare's play Hamlet, Act 3, Scene 1. Purchased with funds from the Virginia Steele Scott Foundation. 1964. *Condition is Very Good. If in fact Hanmer ever owned the volume, then he too had not understood its importance: had he known that it contained the sole exemplar of a remarkably di›fferent text of Hamlet, presumably he would have mentioned it in his edition. Most modern editions of the play are based on the texts of the Second Quarto (Q2), published in 1604, and the First Folio (F1), published in 1623. In 1914, Henry E. Huntington acquired from the Duke of Devonshire a collection of English drama that included one of two surviving copies of the first edition of Hamlet (1603)—also known as the first quarto (Q1), or “bad quarto.” This version of the play varies significantly from the one commonly read in school and performed onstage today. If the play predated Shakespeare, just how Shakespearean was it? In 1823, Sir Henry Bunbury found an old book, “a small quarto, barbarously cropped, and very ill-bound,” in a closet of the manor house of Great Barton, Suffolk. By the mid-nineteenth century, however, once scholars could see that it shared some odd features with Q1, Brudermord could no longer be so easily dismissed. The Huntington’s copy, the only one that includes the title page, was discovered 200 years after Shakespeare’s death in a manor house in Suffolk, England. * ... San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 1965. Huntington Bancshares, a bank headquartered in Columbus, Ohio Huntington Library , an institution in San Marino, California, established by Henry E. Huntington Huntington Avenue Grounds , a baseball stadium that formerly stood in Boston, Massachusetts This “former less perfect copy” was far diff›erent from anything that Malone or anyone else had suspected, and it forced a reconfiguration of everything that had previously been known about the play. The following excerpt from the introduction to the book is reproduced with the permission of University of Pennsylvania Press. View in Huntington Digital Library TAGS: Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 , Plays in print , Print , 1600s , Hamlet , Shakespeare's name printed on the title page or dedicatory leaf of his work in his lifetime , Huntington Library Free shipping for many products! For more information about The Huntington's reproduction policy and citation guidelines, please visit their webpages. The Huntington Library contains an extensive collection of rare books and manuscripts, some of which include historical documents about Abraham Lincoln, the manuscript of Benjamin Franklin’s autobiography, and is the only library in the world with the first two quartos of Hamlet. For it … The Huntington Library began charging admission ($7.50 for adults) on March 19, 1996. Shakespeare's Hamlet the Second Quarto 1604 (Reproduction of the Huntington Library Copy) [Shakespeare; William; Oscar James Campbell] on Franklin Library:WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE SIX TRAGEDIES: HAMLET, LEAR, OTHELLO: ROMEO. “From these variations,” the news- paper confessed, “and the absence of so much of what appeared in the edition of the ensuing year 1604, we hardly know what to infer.”. States, Bert O. Hamlet and the Concept of Character. While the Hystorie did not appear until 1608 and is now generally understood to postdate the play, eighteenth-century scholarship imagined it as a primary source of Shakespeare’s version and inferred that there must have been an earlier, lost edition. The Huntington holds one of only two copies of the First Quarto of Hamlet (sometimes called the "bad quarto"), the first published version of the play. In Hamlet After Q1: An Uncanny History of the Shakespearean Text (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015), Zachary Lesser, professor of English at the University of Pennsylvania, examines how the improbable discovery of Q1 has forced readers to reconsider accepted truths about Shakespeare as an author and about the nature of Shakespeare’s texts. Charles Lanman. Huntington Library rB 69305. reproduced by permission of the Huntington Library, san Marino, California. XXVII, 1963-64, pp. Only two copies are known to have survived, now held at the British Library and the Huntington Library. $14.99 +$2.80 shipping. Ware on outside cover (see picture) hard cover and pages inside excellent condition *Shipped with USPS Media Mail. Farmer first drew attention as well to another allusion that poses similar chronological di¥culties, Thomas Lodge’s 1596 reference to a devil who “looks as pale as the Visard of the ghost which cried so miserally at the Theator, like an oister wife, Hamlet, reuenge.” Several early seventeenth-century writers also seem to allude to this phrase, which appears to have become famous, and yet it does not appear in any extant text of Hamlet. Such a compendium would today be worth a fortune, had it not been disbound sometime later in the nineteenth century while in the collection of the Duke of Devonshire, the pages of each play “barbarously cropped” once again to be inlaid in fine paper and rebound. This is the earliest surviving printed version of William Shakespeare’s play Hamlet.There are only two copies of this book in the world – one at the Huntington Library, discovered in 1823, and missing the last page of text; and the British Library copy (C.34.k.1.) In 1914, Henry E. Huntington acquired from the Duke of Devonshire a collection of English drama that included one of two surviving copies of the first edition of Hamlet (1603)—also known as the first quarto (Q1), or “bad quarto.” This version of the play varies significantly from the one commonly read in school and performed onstage today. But revising an earlier play of Henry VI was one thing; revising a previous Hamlet, Shakespeare’s masterpiece, posed far greater concerns. The 1825 publication of The First Edition of the Tragedy of Hamlet, By William Shakespeare created huge excitement in the press and brought Q1 to general notice. Since the eighteenth century, then, the idea that there was a Hamlet before Hamlet has haunted Shakespearean editors and critics. Repeatedly, new archival finds tantalizing hints of texts that no longer exist, if they ever did, and of lineages that can no longer be traced. “Antic Disposition.” As it hath beene diuerse times acted by his Highnesse seruants in the cittie of London: as also in the two vniuersities of Cambridge and Oxford, and else-where, At London : Printed for N.L. There is the entry in Henslowe's Diary about the performance of a play named Hamlet at Newington Butts on June i i, I 1594, which makes it at least possible that the play was acted by Shakespeare's company. The entire textual history of Hamlet is haunted by bibliographic ghosts. Status. As a matter of good scholarly practice and for the benefit of future researchers, we ask that researchers using reproductions of our materials give appropriate credit when quoting from or reproducing an item in the Huntington collections. But Sir William seems to have had no idea what he had on his hands; he drew no special attention to the book, and it lay quietly on that shelf in Barton Hall for two more generations. Again and again, we encounter missing texts, cryptic allusions, and bibliographic shades. Hamlet’s last words were likewise transformed: the rest was no longer silence, as Hamlet piously implored “heauen to receiue my soule” before dying. Shakespeare's Hamlet the Second Quarto, 1604 Huntington Library Repro. The Huntington Library, Art Museum, and Botanical Gardens is a collections-based educational and research institution established by Henry E. Huntington and located in San Marino, California SHAKESPEARE DOCUMENTED IS STILL GROWING! From the beginning of Hamlet, the time is out of joint, with the play strangely seeming to predate its own existence. The Unique Hamlet by Vincent Starrett: A First Edition Census. 239-58. In the speech, Hamlet contemplates death and suicide , bemoaning the pain and unfairness of life but acknowledging that the alternative might be worse. In what seems to have been the earliest public report of the discovery, the Literary Gazette told its readers that Q1 contained “new readings, of infinite interest; sentiments expressed, which greatly alter several of the characters; differences in the names; and many minor points which are extremely curious.” This Hamlet was about half the length of the familiar version, and to some its poetry seemed only a “poor version” of the speeches they already knew, although others found many new “lines of great beauty.” Some of the most famous lines, in fact, were di›fferent. SOURCE: "Hamlet's Therapy," inThe Huntington Library Quarterly,Vol. Zachary Lesser discusses “Hamlet and Other Ghost Stories” in Rothenberg Hall at the Huntington Library, Art Museum, and Botanical Gardens, … We are a school district public library, a not-for-profit organization and a member of the Suffolk Cooperative Library System. The S1, H10, and H20 all provide a direct connection to the LIRR hub at Huntington (the station itself is actually located in the hamlet of Huntington Station ) Since Barton Hall was destroyed by fire in 1914, it is now impossible to know exactly where this remarkable book was found. Most recently, he published Hamlet after Q1: An Uncanny History of the Shakespearean Text (Penn Press, 2015); his first book was Renaissance Drama and the Politics of Publication: Readings in the English Book … Before completing this sale, however, Payne and Foss sought to satisfy “the intense curiosity which this book has raised in every literary circle” by issuing a reprint edition from their shop at 81 Pall Mall. 1151 Oxford Road San Marino, CA 91108 626-405-2100© The Huntington Library, Art Museum, and Botanical Gardens, © The Huntington Library, Art Museum, and Botanical Gardens, History of Science, Medicine, and Technology, NEW: Virtual School Programs for Fall 2020, The Shapiro Center for American History & Culture, USC-Huntington Early Modern Studies Institute, Huntington-USC Institute on California and the West, Residential Institute in the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, Mellon Summer Institute in Spanish Paleography. What is its connection to Shakespeare’s play? to nature’s marvels (no thanks, orchid that mimics a … Shakespeare's Hamlet the Second Quarto, 1604 (Reproduction of the Huntington Library Copy) Hardcover – Facsimile, January 1, 1964 by William Shakespeare (Author) Like so much else about Q1, exactly how this book made its way into Bunbury’s closet remains a mystery. Get this from a library! The Sharks ended their historic season with a loss to Western Washington University, 80-76. Published from a manuscript dated 1710 and possibly deriving from an early English troupe touring the Continent, this version of the play is entitled Der bestrafte Brudermord (Fratricide Punished). [Below, Jorgensen undertakes a psychological study of Hamlet's malady in terms of Renaissance and Freudian interpretations of melancholy as repressed anger, misdirected toward one's self rather than expressed outwardly. Hamlet: Complete, Authoritative Text With Biographical and Historical Contexts, Critical History, and Essays from Five Contemporary Critical Perspectives (Case Studies in Contemporary Criticism) Both events are free and require advance reservations. which does not have a title page. Featured image All images latest This Just In Flickr Commons Occupy Wall Street Flickr Cover Art USGS Maps. But the story I will tell deals repeatedly with loss, destruction, and reconstruction. Together, these textual traces have conjured up the so-called Ur-Hamlet, a pre-Shakespearean drama that survives, if in fact it survives at all, only in the single phrase quoted by Lodge: “Hamlet, reuenge.” As Emma Smith remarks, despite the unfortunate detail of its nonexistence, the text of this “phantom play has been variously deduced, discussed and even edited by textual scholars,” fabricated from portions of Der bestrafte Brudermord and Q1. FOR ANY QUESTIONS OR INQUIRIES PLEASE CONTACT SHAKESPEAREDOCUMENTED@FOLGER.EDU. Copy-specific informationCreator: William ShakespeareTitle: The tragicall historie of Hamlet Prince of Denmarke by William Shake-speare. Today we are decreasingly interested in what was formerly the big question of the play: Was Hamlet mad? n.d. The plot followed broadly the same trajectory, but with a number of “extremely curious” variations: “To be or not to be” and the ensuing “nunnery scene” with Ophelia (Ofelia in Q1) were transposed to an earlier point in the play; in the so-called closet scene, the Queen (here called Gertred) explicitly denied any knowledge of the murder of Hamlet’s father and vowed to assist her son in revenge, shedding new light on a long-standing debate about her character; and in a scene with no parallel in the familiar version of the play, Horatio told the Queen of Hamlet’s adventures at sea, and the two proceeded to conspire against Claudius. The Huntington holds one of only two known copies of the first published version of Shakespeare’s Hamlet. When Q1 reemerged from its purgatory in Barton Hall, however, all that changed. Henry Huntington acquired one of the rarest books in the history of English literature: the so-called "bad quarto" of Hamlet. Images should be captioned with information about the original source, and quotations should be footnoted. What Bunbury had found was recognizably Hamlet, but it was radically di›fferent from the play that was, already by 1823, the most highly prized and revered work of English literature. Indeed, even Q1 existed as a faint echo before Bunbury found it: Malone noted that the second quarto (Q2) claimed on its title page to be “Newly imprinted and enlarged to almost as much againe as it was, according to the true and perfect Coppie,” and he correctly inferred that “from [these] words it is manifest that a former less perfect copy had been issued from the press.”. Description. The tragicall historie of Hamlet Prince of Denmarke by William Shake-speare. Shakespeare's Hamlet the Second Quarto, 1604 Huntington Library Reproduction HC. The Huntington Library, Art Museum and Botanical Gardens, known as The Huntington, is a collections-based educational and research institution established by Henry E. Huntington (1850–1927) and Arabella Huntington (c.1851–1924) and located in San Marino, California, United States. 376 SHAKESPEARE QUARTERLY further reason why Ql Hamlet has a good claim to being Shakespeare's first literary drama* For it is the first play of Shakespeare's to be printed with Unfortunately, the manuscript has since been lost, and so here again we stand at several removes from the “true original copy,” with little access to its textual history and provenance. Description: Huntington Library Quarterly publishes articles on the literature, history, and art of the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries in Britain and America, with special emphasis on: the interactions of literature, politics, and religion; the social and political contexts of literary and art history; textual and bibliographical studies, including the history of printing and publishing; By Randall Stock, December 20, 2020. Two centuries after the death of its author, William Shakespeare’s greatest play was changed forever. Or maybe he was inspired to scour his shelves for rare books after reading The Library Companion by the self-described bibliomaniac Thomas Frognall Dibdin; so Dibdin claimed, anyway, providing a third possibility for the discovery. And even Hamlet was acknowledged to have a direct prose source: The Hystorie of Hamblet, an English translation of François de Belleforest’s French translation of the Hamlet story in Saxo Grammaticus’s medieval Gesta Danorum. Huntington Public Library (HPL) serves the 34,000 residents of the Huntington Public Library District, in Huntington, Long Island, New York. On this team-building tour of the Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens, you’ll tackle tricky, amusing questions to discover the most amazing items in the collection, from art masterpieces (hello, Blue Boy and Pinkie!)