(5) Difference between one under law and under faith, 4:1-7. 1 comment. Paul countered this argument by pointing out that the Galatians had been adopted into God's family. 4:4 was correctly discerned by Pink who declared that "God must be the Father of the Lord Jesus Christ, in order to be the God and Father of his people whom he chose in Christ." The first section of this chapter concludes Paul's logical and theological arguments against the Judaizers—those who had falsely taught the Galatians to seek salvation through obedience to the law, rather than through Christ. The folly of returning to legal observances for justification. At the end of chapter 4, Paul used another illustration from the Old Testament to again reveal that we become connected with God through faith, not through obedience to the law or our own good works. Paul's Road to … MIRACLES & WONDERS IN BIBLE. Circumcision counts for nothing. The first covenant spirit is of bondage unto sin and death. 4 but when the completion of the time came, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born a subject of the Law,. (1-7) The happy change made in the Gentile believers. chapter 4. galatians 4:1-31. the same subject continued: illustration of our subjection to the law only till christ came, from the subjection of an heir to his guardian till he is of age. 3 comments Gal5: Christ has set us free. paul's good will to the galatians should lead them to the same good will to him as they had at first shown. Father God, we ask You to please open our ears, eyes and heart so we can begin to understand the warnings You have written to us concerning false teachings about You and Your ways. We've seen that the Book of Galatians was one of Paul's most intense epistles to the early church—probably in part because it was the first one he wrote. Summary. He described them as one from a bondmaid while the other one was of a free woman. When Paul sits down to put pen to parchment to write to his friends in Galatia, he's not exactly feeling the warm fuzzies for them. The 66 Books of the Bible. Read in full These summaries are no substitute for the real thing! Posted on November 26, 2020 by November 26, 2020 by Paul goes in a number of different directions throughout the chapter, as listed above; however, that comparison is his primary theme. Read this chapter in full. A secondary theme (connected to the primary theme) is the dynamic between Jewish Christians and Gentile Christians. In Galatians Chapter 4, Paul also talked about the two sons that Abraham had. Paul Corrects Peter. (19,20) And then explains the difference between what is to be expected from the law, and from the gospel. Comment. He compared his fear, anticipation, and desire to help the Galatians to a woman about to give birth. And as always, it's a good idea to read the chapter before going any further. If a father dies and leaves an inheritance for his young children, those children are not much better off than slaves until they grow up, even though they actually own everything their father had. As with the preceding chapters, the primary theme of Galatians 4 is the contrast between Paul's original proclamation of salvation through faith and the new, false declarations by the Judaizers that Christians must also obey the Old Testament law in order to be saved. Paul expressed his deep affection and care for the Galatians. Paul brought it right down to the issues confronting the Galatian Christians. 4 But when the set time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those under the law, that we might receive adoption to sonship. 7 Aug 2013. Sow to the Spirit and reap eternal life. Paul pleads with the church not to turn back to the weak and miserable principles of the law to be enslaved by them again. Text. Made under the law— Both under the precept, and under the curse, of it. Chapter Contents. They pretended affection, but they were not sincere and upright. It was written by the Apostle Paul about 49 A.D. prior to the Jerusalem Council which had taken place in 50 A.D. He points back to his earlier relationship with the Galatian believers—a time in which they had cared for him physically even as he taught them spiritual truths. The first one he mentioned was his journey to Jerusalem with Barnabas and Titus. Sow to the Spirit and reap eternal life. New International Version 4 What I am saying is that as long as an heir is underage, he is no different from a slave, although he owns the whole estate. Even though Paul founded the church there and explicitly told them everything they ever needed to know about Jesus, the Galatians haven't exactly been toeing the line. Galatians 5. Paul was the apostle to the gentiles, as noted in Galatians 2:7-9: “The gospel for the uncircumcised had been committed to me.” But it seems a group of individuals in the synagogues would play a major part in his work with gentiles. 3 So also, when we were underage, we were in slavery under the elemental spiritual forces[ a] of the world. But when the fulness of the time — Appointed by the Father, Galatians 4:2. (Most scholars believe Paul had a difficult time seeing during his time with the Galatians; see v. 15). Galatians: Chapter 4 God's Little Heirs and Heiresses See, Paul's point (and he totally has one) is that we're all kind of like kids who are about to inherit a fortune. The two covenants of works and grace, and legal and evangelical professors, are shadowed forth. (3) The reasons Paul gives to show that his teaching is not of man, 1:11 end. One of the main arguments of the Judaizers was that Jewish believers had a superior connection with God. Therefore, neither Jews nor Gentiles were superior to the other after receiving salvation through Christ. galatians chapter 4 summary by on Thursday, November 26th, 2020. galatians chapter 4 summary. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. 5 to redeem the subjects of the Law, so that we could receive adoption as sons.. 6 As you are sons, God has sent into our hearts the Spirit of his Son crying, 'Abba, Father';. BIBLE SUMMARY MAIN PAGE. He points back to his earlier relationship with the Galatian believers—a time in which they had cared for him physically even as he taught them spiritual truths. But if arising from faith in Christ, they are evangelical. Both had been granted equal status as children of God (vv. Galatians 4: Chapter Summary. Paul made this distinction to demonstrate how sacred we are in the eyes of God. The Jewish people had been following God for centuries, they claimed; therefore, they were the only ones qualified to determine the best methods for following God in their day. [] 6 Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, “Abba, [] Father. ) "THE EPISTLE TO THE GALATIANS" Chapter Four OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To appreciate the significance and blessedness of receiving the Spirit in our hearts (cf. SUMMARY CHART: EPISTLE TO THE GALATIANS: Gospel of Grace Defended: Gospel of Grace Explained: Gospel of Grace Applied: Defense of the Gospel Gal 1:1-2:21: Freedom from Legalism Gal 3:1-4:31: Freedom to Love and to Serve Gal 5:1-6:18: Labor: Liberty: Life: Authority Not Opinion: Freedom Not Bondage: Spirit Not Flesh: Personal Autobiography: Doctrinal Accuracy: Practical … What counts is the new creation. … Paul started Galatians Chapter 2 by discussing his journey to Jerusalem and what he experienced on during that time. Use your freedom to love one another. Read this chapter in full. As we move into chapter 4, however, we begin to see the apostle's care and concern for the Galatian believers to break through. Both Jews and Gentiles were slaves to sin before the death and resurrection of Jesus opened the door for their inclusion in God's family. (Most scholars believe Paul had a difficult time seeing during his time with the Galatians; see v. 15). Galatians 5. The one born from the bondsmaid was born after the flesh, whereas the other one was born by God’s promise. (6) The lusts of the flesh, sins of body and mind are included, 5:19-21. Galatians 4. Specifically, Paul compared the lives of two women—Sarah  and Hagar from way back in Genesis—in order to make a point: Paul wasn't comparing Sarah and Hagar as individuals. A Quick Outline of the Book of Romans. The middle section of chapter 4 is where Paul softens his tone. And because Hagar was a slave, she was not part of the promise given to Abraham. Finally, Galatians 4 spells out Paul's genuine care for the welfare of the Galatians. Let's dig in. This quite possibly could have been Paul’s first letter. Chapter. we are justified by faith, and not by rituals. 8 Aug 2013. Earliest Days of the Roman Christian Church . Notice how Paul addressed his audience in the synagogue in Acts 13: “Men of Israel, and you who fear God, listen” (verse 16, emphasis added throughout). He has adopted Jews and Gentiles into His family on equal terms. Cancel {{#items}} {{/items}} Galatians 4. On the surface, this sounds like a simple reference to God-fearing Israelites. Galatians 5: Bible Chapter Summary. 7 Aug 2013. Galatians 4 is the fourth chapter of the Epistle to the Galatians in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The book of Galatians is a Pauline Epistle (letter from Paul). Chapter 4. (12-18) He expresses his earnest concern for them. Sam O'Neal is the co-author of "Bible Stories You May Have Forgotten" and "The Bible Answer Book." Freedom In Christ. 2 The heir is subject to guardians and trustees until the time set by his father. Rather, he was showing that God's true children haven't always been free in their covenant relationship with God. Pastor Bob Yandian gives his summary of Galatians chapter 4 for the Fall Bible Study. The key personalities of this book are the Apostle Paul, Peter, Barnabas, Abraham, Titus, and false teachers. It is authored by Paul the Apostle for the churches in Galatia, written between 49–58 CE. He had lived among them during his earlier missionary journey, and he had a deep desire to see them retain a correct view of the gospel so that they would not be led astray. Walk by the Spirit and not the flesh. However, the phrase “you who fear God” can also identi… Your email address will not be published. Biography of Paul of Tarsus. 4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, 5 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. His Son, miraculously made of the substance of a woman - A virgin, without the concurrence of a man. Gal6: Restore anyone caught in sin. Let us not give up doing good. Galatians 4 is a call to sonship in Christ. Their freedom was a result of God's promise and faithfulness—God made a promise to Abraham and Sarah that they would have a son, and that all the nations of the earth would be blessed through him (see Genesis 12:3). Galatians 6. 1 Think of it this way. Paul was deeply concerned that the Galatians avoid being pulled into a false expression of Christianity that would damage them spiritually. Galatians Summary by Jay Smith. Galatians, Philippians, and Philemon Summary Galatians. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. At the proper time God sent Jesus born under the law to redeem those living under it so we could receive the full rights of sonship. (7) The fruits of the spirit, 5:22-23. Galatians 4 - Children of the Promise. 4. Overview: the Epistles of the New Testament, Intro to Galatians: How to Be Free From the Burden of the Law, A Profile of Abraham of the Jewish Nation, M.A., Christian Studies, Union University, B.A., English Literature, Wheaton College. Legalism is almost always associated with some kind of religious bondage. Textual witnesses. A Roman father appointed guardians to manage his child’s affairs until 25 years of age, at which time the heir came of age. galatians chapter 4 summary. Galatians 1. Jn 7:37-39; Ac 2:38; 5:32; Ro 5:5; 8:11-17; 15:13; 2Co 1:22; 5:5; Ep 1:13-14; 3:16; 4:30) 2) To understand Paul's concern over the Galatians' observance of holy days (cf. The relationship was entirely dependent on God choosing His people through grace. Read this chapter in full. GALATIANS TOTAL CHAPTERS: 6 GALATIANS TOTAL VERSES: 149 TOTAL WORDS: 3,098 DATE WRITTEN: 49 or 55 AD AUTHOR: Paul GALATIANS THEME: Divine Nature of Paul’s Gospel. Introduction to the Book of Titus. He said they went to Jerusalem because some people had sneaked in and told people things that were contrary to Paul’s message of freedom in Christ. Galatians 4 continues that idea, showing how Christ's arrival signaled the moment all people could receive the inheritance with Him and be adopted as God's children. The reason Paul stressed God's Fathership of the Lord Jesus Christ in Gal. Let us not give up doing good. Apostle Paul - Christian Messenger. All Rights Reserved. 1-7). Understanding the Book of Acts. 2 comments Gal6: Restore anyone caught in sin. Those who attempt to define salvation by keeping the law were making themselves slaves to the law, just as Hagar was a slave. 7 and so you are no longer a slave, but a son; and if a son, then an heir, by God's own act. Was come, God sent forth— From his own bosom. He is a former editor for Christianity Today and LifeWay Christian Resources. Galatians 3 ends with Paul stating, once more, that those who are in Christ are Abraham's offspring, just as He is, making us heirs along with Him. 6 And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. What counts is the new creation. Galatians 3:25, Galatians 4:21, Galatians 5:18; Romans 6:14. ἐξαγοράσῃ] Namely, as follows from τοὺς ὑπὸ νόμον, from the dominion of the law, Galatians 4:1-3 (in which its curse, Galatians 3:11, is included), and that through His death, Galatians 3:13. Intro to Galatians: How to Be Free From the Burden of the Law. The original text was written in Koine Greek. Read this chapter in full. It has become practically axiomatic since the appearance of Hans Dieter Betz's Hermeneia commentary that study of the argument and structure of Galatians begins with classical rhetoric. Works and fruits brought forth in a man's own strength, are legal. Ritual-Based Religion is contrary to God’s Plan. Galatians 4:4-7 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Whereas many of Paul’s letters were written to churches in a particular city, such as Rome or Corinth, this letter was written to “the assemblies of Galatia”—a region in the central part of what we know today as Turkey. Paul uses the Roman practice of tutela impuberes, “guardianship for a minor,” to illustrate man’s temporary subjection to the law. Paul makes it clear in this chapter that ethnicity does not play a factor in terms of our relationship with God. Book of Galatians Chapter by Chapter Summary. He also spurned the Judaizers once again for attempting to derail the spiritual maturity of the Galatians simply to further their own agenda against him and his work. (4) The confirmation of Paul's divine call, 2:1-10. (8-11) The apostle reasons against following false teachers. Erasmus well says: “dato pretio assereret in libertatem.” This chapter contains one of Paul's richest statements in Christology. 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