References and allusions to biblical stories are all around us, so not knowing those stories puts you at a disadvantage. endstream endobj 143 0 obj <>/Metadata 55 0 R/AcroForm 158 0 R/Pages 134 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 144 0 obj <>/Resources 159 0 R/Type/Page>> endobj 145 0 obj <>stream singteach.nie.edu.sg An Institute of Big Idea issn 2010-1031 Supported by Teaching and Learning with Stories The number of students studying Literature has been declining since the 1990s. Familiarity with the concepts of beat, metre and rhythm can improve their own writing as students are able to appreciate and apply these ideas. Note - many of these older novels are available in the public domain. Literature serves this goal in a couple of ways. For example if you were studying economics, start by studying the early days of economic theory or … Having a large and wide-ranging vocabulary is essential for a number of reasons. These views reflect the historic separation between the study of language and the study of literature, which has led to the limited role of literature in the language classroom. Nature study and related literature : showing aims and plans of teaching, with illustrative lessons for the first four grades. Literature uses language in context. The same goes for books about other countries, which teach students what life is like in other parts of the world. 142 0 obj <> endobj There are specific dedicated subjects such as British and/or American studies relating to studying the literature to understand a country’s history and culture. The Diary of Ann Frank is a great example of this effect, since it exposes students American students to both a country and time period not their own (and most likely a nationality and religion as well). Novels such as The Great Gatsby, The Scarlet Letter, and The Catcher in the Rye are noted for their unique style and creativity with language. Huckleberry Finn, for example, puts students into the mind of a boy living in the south in the 1800s, letting them experience his life firsthand. But you may not realize in just how many ways literature really does contribute to a child’s education. xڼW�r�8~������$k��7�ΐ i��P�M�i���t5�L��!�oW��K���M/���+����ܠ��1s]��!�a��e������k���8hY�(Q�� Creative Techniques of Teaching Literature 122 usually found in studying literature. The larger your vocabulary is, the more in depth and thoughtful discussions you can have on important topics and issues, both in and outside of the classroom. Moreover, lecture -discussion was found to be the most effective strategy in the teaching of literature. [Anna E McGovern] Of course literature is important—why would it have such a central place in the curriculum if it wasn’t? Particularly during early-reading instruction, teachers who read literature in their class often aim to help students hone these all-important skills. Many novels encourage critical thinking on their own, due to the issues and themes they explore. Even poetry, if we do not know it is … 6. One of the aims of teaching literature is to evoke interest and pleasure from the language. In summary, literature takes students out of their own lives and lets them experience things that are new and challenging, and encourages them to imagine possibilities and to think about ways the world could be different. It helps us learn about the world around us. With centuries of literature to choose from, you will be able to find your specialisation, which will make writing those essays a whole lot easier. Why not just teach them what they need to know and send them on their way? Why Study Children's Literature? When you read you are being immersed in language, in the way it sounds and feels when put together in the right ways. Literature is an ideal way to do this. Due to the descriptive nature of a story, any novel will include plenty of words students have likely never seen or heard before. when discussing the teaching of literature in the sense that teachers can use literature as a way to encourage and influence their students. x�b```f``�e`a`�a�g@ ~�+P�cLd�4Yk�r�[U���f� �������)�=�m�4��[o&��M�H�Ȧ- "2�|8�'�,���@�v���5`±;L��j�0�5� @����d�PX"d240{r �fC&Å@����������baڜ��G�@k������Eˍ�^���a� �S;�f�Cx0X20��2�0 N�J� It is easy to be overwhelmed when faced with decades of research. Of course, to most educators these questions seem ludicrous. You can also analyze its impact on society and the ways it compares and contrasts with other texts. A questionnaire, Communication skills affect people in every area of their lives, from navigating interpersonal relationships to participating in meetings in the workplace to drafting intraoffice memos or reports. It is easy to be overwhelmed when faced with decades of research. International Journal of Information and Education Technology Literature in a language classroom provides enough space for the learners to comment, justify and mirror themselves. Few textbooks could be said to do the same thing. Allow students to choose media while you choose themes and/or academic and/or quality standards.. 5. Consequently, it is indispensable to find out some creative techniques to teach English literature to the Indian students. To me, however, literature serves as a gateway to learning of the past and expanding my knowledge and understanding of the world. My reasons are not, ultimately, the reasons that the panelists offered. According to Duff and Maley(1990), the main reasons for integrating these elements are linguistic,methodological and motivational. 1. In essence, this means that literature (like most of the best art) is powerful in its ability to hold up a mirror to the world and reveal to us truths about it–however brutal or beautiful–rather than merely to preach to us. Through this experience they learn what it was like to live in that time period, how the people talked and thought and acted. Few activities give students’ critical abilities such a workout as the close reading of a work of literature. Going back to the main question of this article - why is literature important? Studying English literature helps to sharpen your analytical skills. Once students have read it once, you can set comprehension questions or ask them to explain the significance of certain key words of the text. By using literary text the language class can turn out to be lively and motivating. ∗ NOTES – Literature, particularly in a foreign language, is often seen as something remote and far removed from ‘ordinary’ language. The use of literature in the ELT classroom is enjoying a revival for a number of reasons. World literature is a way of collecting those ideas in a way that reflects a specific group of people at a certain time in history. Cultures are built on stories—histories, myths and legends, fables, religions, and so on. For this reason, it's hard to divorce literature from language. Current books and movies, among other works, often reference older texts. All Rights Reserved. One of the aims of this activity is to show that literature is not necessarily a language apart. This is, in part, due to the timelessness of the human condition. Here are just a few reasons why literature is important. And there are plenty of more recent novels that are just as well written. study aims atshow light to the role of teaching literature in developing the students vocabulary. When designing units, choose the media first, then the standards (yes, this likely goes against what you were taught–but give it a try). If students have to do a task at every stage of a literature lesson, the pleasure can be lost. The kind of novel usually taught in the classroom is selected for its depth and for the way it transcends the obvious and the cliché. Because education is and should be about more than passing on dry information; it’s also about fostering critical thinking skills and an understanding of the world around us. Since literature is reflective of predominant political and philosophical principles of the time in which it is written, world literature is … Introduction The current study is concerned with evaluating the value of use of literary theory as a pedagogical tool to achieve the aims and objectives of twenty-first century education. Students who study literature and read for pleasure have a higher vocabulary, better reading comprehension, and better communication skills, such as writing ability. Check out Project Gutenberg for access. We study literature for the following reasons: 1. Education is supposed to give students the tools they need to become a valuable part of society, and one such tool is the ability to think critically. Having formed part of traditional language teaching approaches, literature became less popular when language teaching and learning started to focus on the functional use of language. And because they’re reading a story and not drilling, they probably won’t even realize they are building their vocabulary (hence they won’t be able to complain about it). Expanding horizons. But the number one way to become a better writer is to read often. 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Many novels encourage critical thinking on their own, due to the issues and themes they explore. The implication is that literature teaching with the aims of developing students’ ... Purpose of the study This study aims to gain a general overview of the approaches and strategies employed by teachers in teaching ... Below are some reasons for the incorporation of literature in language education. The use of literature in the ELT classroom is enjoying a revival for a number of reasons. Even poetry, if we do not know it is … Zx��F��Ɖ�9؂����葋YDk�8��X+��^���Y�����i�+�ݢ_�)���&tG���L���ky�+-��| �. Having formed part of traditional language teaching approaches, literature became less popular when language teaching and learning started to focus on the functional use of language. Basically, we will focus on the question of what is literature, the multiple values of teaching literature in the classroom, how literature helps the student develop the basic skills (speaking, writing, reading), and the reasons for choosing this particular text and finally, … Stories have been of central importance to the human race ever since it began, as far as we can tell. It’s a goal of education to expose them to ideas from other cultures, to teach them about the histories and peoples of other times and places. 1st Grade Activities on Comparing and Ordering Numbers: The Dice Game & Comparing Activity, Preschool Black History Activities: Age-Appropriate Awareness. We urge the study of history and literature because we believe they are important. Studying literature involves reading, discussing, thinking and writing, helping students to improve in those areas. And children and teens are particularly prone to this. 2) To enrich pupils’ vocabulary and … Despite concerns about religion in schools, it is commonly taught in some form or another because it has so heavily influenced our culture. Conducting a literature review is a means of demonstrating the author’s knowledge about a particular field of study, including vocabulary, theories, key variables and phenomena, and its methods and history.Conducting a literature review also informs the student of the influential researchers and research groups in the field (Randolph, 2009). 2 Create Connections Reading literature isn’t just about learning about the works themselves, but also about learning how the world works. 157 0 obj <<2986AFDBF00B064FAC21A460B4B5EBE7>]/Info 141 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/W[1 2 1]/Index[142 33]/DecodeParms<>/Size 175/Prev 179314/Type/XRef>>stream It also encourages students to think critically, specifically for the discussing and thinking components. the use of schema,strategies for intensive and extensive reading etc. Many older works of literature are still taught primarily because of their authors’ way with language. In this way, literature can be a potential source of learner motivation. Yet it is important to review the modern literature AND the literature that provided the basis for the subject. %PDF-1.6 %���� This article considers the reasons why teachers often regard literature as inappropriate to the language classroom. Using novels, short stories, poems and other forms of literature to teach language, is an invaluable and enjoyable experience. ... My aims here are neither explicitly political or ethical. If you can take a text and find the themes plus connect it with other texts, theories and historical events, you are showing that you can handle complex ideas, search for patterns and interpret information in a wider context. Without a working knowledge of those older texts, you can’t understand the new ones as fully as possible. Additionally, the teaching often shows traces of literary studies and functions as propaedeutic especially in upper-secondary education. Literature serves as a valuable teacher and an example to students who are first learning to use written language to communicate with the world. Students should study literature to gain knowledge of the traditions and cultures associated with the time period in which the literature was produced. Methodologically, literary discoursesensitises readers to the processes of reading e.g. When studying Literature, students can learn not only language aspects such as vocabulary items but also that language can be used for specific and aesthetic purposes. Many strong reasons for studying children’s literature are shaped by the objectives, values, beliefs, and salable skills of the discipline in which the coursework is seated, but all courses across the wide educational spectrum share elements that invite us to the study of children’s literature. For example if you were studying economics, start by studying the early days of economic theory or … Why Study Literature? The study of literature is historically associated with having the function of Literature can “foster ideas or theories about human nature and conduct, define moral attitudes, and habitual responses to people and situations” (Rosenblatt 1995:4). It helps with both writing and reading abilities, of course, but it also allows for more complex discourse. They study literature with contingent faculty (adjuncts, lecturers, instructors) ... and very bright try to tell *me* why "we" teach literature. literature in LE is to encourage students to read and to experience the encounter with literature as personally enriching. 2.1.1. Insist all student work ‘leaves the classroom’ and is published–then design units accordingly. The ability to the texts to nail these conditions gives them their ability to endure, so teach through that. And reading literature is a great way to build and enhance vocabulary. ∗ NOTES – Literature, particularly in a foreign language, is often seen as something remote and far removed from ‘ordinary’ language. Literature serves as a valuable teacher and an example to students who are first learning to use written language to communicate with the world. It is different from mother tongue. of Literature, Lazar (1993, pp. One of the aims of this activity is to show that literature is not necessarily a language apart. In order to teach English correctly and properly English teacher must know the aims and objectives of teaching English. Literature educators in Singapore are working hard to turn things around, and to show their students that more than ever, we need literature It takes us to new places, different time periods. Through explorations of literature, students can immerse themselves in worlds unlike any they have seen before. The same goes for Shakespeare’s dramas, and for the novels of early American writers. It’s more engaging to read a novel about another time or place than to learn about it in a lecture or from a textbook. Literature holds up a mirror to the world Within the Academy’s English department and school-wide, we maintain the philosophy that art is descriptive, not prescriptive. The teaching of English is highly desirable for a English teacher. x�bbd``b`fe@��+�`� J��K2�0)a� �D0���@�)H���-�dAF10R����� � -* A questionnaire was used a questionnaire as a tool to collected data. Criteria/st a ndards: - defined levels of accuracy, quality, quantity, time constraints o include special conditions that apply to the actual activity that the learner will perform Through literature, it is believed, students gain insight, develop a sense of understanding and toleration and experience new perspectives. 15-19) provides five reasons for using literature in ELT to include: 1) Motivating materials 2) Encouraging language acquisition 3) Expanding students’ language awareness 4) Developing students’ interpretative abilities 5) Educating the whole person. General aims of teaching literature The learning objectives of literature component outlined by the Curriculum Development Centre cited by Cheng (2007) are as follows: 1) To instill and inculcate the reading habit among pupils. 174 0 obj <>stream This effect can even be made transparent by encouraging students to try writing in a particular book or author’s style. They’ll see those words in context, learning their meanings passively rather than having to drill. English Literature is the most broad and varied degree. (1989). Copyright © 2020 Bright Hub Education. In today’s fact-obsessed culture, why is literature important and why do teachers put such an emphasis on this subject?  Why bother having kids read stories, spend their time with books about things and events that aren’t even real? Teaching Critical Thinking Education is supposed to give students the tools they need to become a valuable part of society, and one such tool is … endstream endobj Take the Bible, for instance. Keywords: Twenty-first century education, poststructuralist literary theory, teaching of literature, critical pedagogy, social cognitive learning. Everyone has a tendency to get so caught up in their own lives that they forget what’s going on in the world around them. Literature serves this goal in a couple of ways. Teaching English Through Literature Murat Hişmanoğlu Abstract This paper aims at emphasizing the use of literature as a popular technique for teaching both basic language skills ... Maley (1989:12) lists some of the reasons for regarding literature as a potent resource … And educators often use literature to promote this kind of thought actively, by teaching students how to analyze what they read, understand others’ opinions about the text, and formulate their own views. Education is supposed to give students the tools they need to become a valuable part of society, and one such tool is the ability to think critically. Here in Kenya, the Secondary school English syllabus recommends an Integrated approach to teach English. Recently, studying literature for cultural purposes has attracted the attention of many foreign language teachers. Love lost, coming of age, overcoming obstacles, civil rights, identity, and more are all at the core of the greatest of literary works. We want them to not just passively consume whatever is around them, but to analyze and criticize it as well. In addition, exposure to literature can improve a student's comprehension and reading abilities and help them to identify literary devices, such as the concepts of rhythm and beats within writing. 1. Introduction. If students are to understand and participate in the culture to which they belong, they must first learn about the stories that culture has been built around. We want them to not just passively consume whatever is around them, but to analyze and criticize it as well. To investigate the problem of teaching and learning literature .The study was used the decretive analytical method. Writing skills can be taught, to some extent. Yet it is important to review the modern literature AND the literature that provided the basis for the subject. Focus of This Paper This paper focuses on some creative techniques to promote the teaching-learning of English literature. Get this from a library! You will study loads of different subjects within one degree. [caption id=”” align="aligncenter” width="600”]. Basically, we will focus on the question of what is literature, the multiple values of teaching literature in the classroom, how literature helps the student develop the basic skills (speaking, writing, reading), and the reasons for choosing this particular text and finally, … Language in India www.languageinindia.com ISSN 1930-2940 15:8 August 2015 Meenakshi H. Verma, Ph.D. A Stylistic Approach to Teaching Literature at the College Level 334 analyzes the features of literary language to develop students’ sensitivity to literature. First and foremost, literature opens our eyes and makes us … You can learn to think critically about the events and characters in a novel, the themes it presents, the author’s purpose in writing it, and the ways it fits into a certain time period. And while books aren’t the only kinds of stories out there, they are one of the most important. 4. Linguistically,by using a wide range of authentic texts we introduce learners to avariety of types and difficulties of English language. When people speak they tend to use a fairly limited vocabulary, so the best way to become exposed to new words is to read. Students who are encouraged to read have a more intimate knowledge of the ways in which language works, and so have an advantage when it comes time for them to write.